This article is an excerpt from the booklet "A Critical Look at Animal Experimentation" conducted by the Association Medical Research Modernization Committee (MRMC).
Translator: Carine Dos Santos
To read this entire brochure (in French) and download the PDF, click HERE .
Alternative methods to animalIn science, there are always many ways to approach an issue. Vivisection is generally less effective and reliable than many alternative methods that include:
Epidemiology (or population studies)
Medical research has always sought to identify the underlying causes of human diseases in order to develop preventive and therapeutic treatments. Unlike the artificial conditions of the animal that usually have different causes and mechanisms of human conditions model, the human population studies are proving very successful. The identification of risk factors for heart disease, so important for prevention techniques, for example, comes from epidemiological studies. (140) Similarly, population studies have shown that passive smoking doubles the risk of developing lung cancer. (141)
The growing field of molecular epidemiology illustrates the potential of it. Researchers can analyze the cellular and molecular characteristics of people with cancer or birth defects, and elucidating the mechanisms and causes damage to the DNA which enables an effective approach to prevention and treatment. (142)
Clinical StudiesPatch testing cosmetics
The main source of medical knowledge has always been the study of human diseases by monitoring patients closely. For example, the cardiologist Dean Ornish has demonstrated that poor fat vegetarian diet, regular physical activity, smoking cessation and stress management can help heart patients. (143) Similarly, Caldwell Esseltyn showed that lower cholesterol through diet and care herbal sufficient stops heart disease and can often go back. (144) human cancer syndromes have played an important role in the understanding of the most common forms of cancer. (145) Henry Heimlich is exclusively based on human clinical investigations to develop the technical and operating modes that have saved thousands of lives, including the Heimlich maneuver for victims of suffocation or drowning, the operation Heimlich to replace the esophagus and the drain valve that bears his name. (136) (146)
The modern non-invasive imaging devices such as CT, MRI, positron emission tomography and SPECT have revolutionized the clinical study. These devices allow ongoing evaluation of human disease in patients with life and contributed greatly to medical knowledge.
Autopsies and biopsies
The autopsy rate in the United States is steadily decreasing, to the dismay of clinical researchers who recognize the value of this traditional research tool. (151) (152) Autopsies have been crucial to our current understanding of many diseases such as cardiovascular disease (151), appendicitis (151) Diabetes (153), (154) and the disease of Alzheimer. (83) Although the usefulness of autopsies is generally limited to the lethal disease state, biopsies can provide information to other stages of it. The needle biopsies and endoscopic often used to collect human tissue safely in living patients. For example, endoscopic biopsies have to prove that the colon cancer from benign tumors called adenomas. Instead, this adenoma to carcinoma seems to be missing from the main animal model. (155) (156)
Beastly questions. (use of animals in medical research) (Contested Terrain) (column): An article from: The Hastings Center Report
Book (Hastings Center)
Ethics in animal research (long)2009-08-17 13:21:02 by researchgrl
This weekend I attended a medical research conference and got into an interesting discussion of ethics in animal research, so I thought Id repost the topic here since I think its worth some discussion.
For those of you who arent involved with research, the current standard it to euthanize all animals who have been used in medical research at the conclusion of their participation. This is considered the most ethical option to prevent any unnecessary suffering for the animal that may result from having participated. It also protects the general public from being exposed to strange pathogens or chemicals before they have been tested and approved
OMG, animal testing has gone too FAR!!2007-01-12 15:28:24 by Skiekitty
I hope this 'doctor' gets neutered.
Surgeon induces dog aneurysm in sales demo
Cleveland Clinic says procedure was unauthorized; animal euthanized
Updated: 9:30 a.m. MT Jan 12, 2007
CLEVELAND - A neurosurgeon used a dog with an induced brain aneurysm to demonstrate a medical device to salespeople, a hospital said Thursday.
The dog was anesthetized during the demonstration and euthanized afterward, according to the Cleveland Clinic, a renowned academic medical center.
The hospital uses animals for medical research but this demonstration was unauthorized, a hospital statement said
Find animal rescue groups at Vets, Petfeed store2009-01-28 11:19:56 by KitandCat
If you can do some research on finding all the rescue animal groups in your town call them. You can help temporaily fostering the cats and kittens as a volunteer at no cost to you. Your food is a tax write off and the organization helps with the medical bills so nothing out of your pocket except to feed them dry cat food and you can start or get a group to get people to donate catfood to feed the strays. Like I said look up in your area for a spay/neuter program rescue group as well as a cat adoption center. If you have any Petsmarts or Petcos in your area check them out
Lab animals2009-01-12 00:23:10 by petercello
You all may be interested to know about the Stanford Medical Center Lab Animal Research Facility.
I went down there to protest with Action for Animals over two decades ago. Quite something. Some people working there do believe they are helping humanity. More power to them.
Others know very well the evil they are up to. Less so called "power" to them :) Don't these funny faces look ridiculous?)
If you compare the architecture and activities of the place with that of the underground community described by H. G. Wells in his book "The Time Machine", (or just watch the classic movie, which is great!) you will find stunning similarities
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$25m to move medical school — The Canberra Times
Plans are being drafted to refurbish the old heritage-listed John Curtin school of medical research, which was vacated in 2011, and to build a new $144 million state-of-the-art custom-built research centre next door.
Big Ten schools make strides in medical, agricultural research — Daily Nebraskan
Up north, the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities recently opened its new simulation center for the School of Nursing and the University of Wisconsin-Madison began a five-year research project on the dairy process.
Thorne Research Veterinary - Small Animal Anti-Oxidant - 120 caps
Pet Products (Thorne Research Veterinary)
Commercially-Available Drug to be Tested in Severe Form of Autism — Newswise
Newswise — Scientists at the Seaver Autism Center at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have received a grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1), a promising treatment for a subtype of ..
Transgenic Animals: Proceedings of the Symposium on Transgenic Technology in Medicine and Agriculture (Biotechnology Series)
Aping Science: A Critical Analysis of Research at the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center.
Book (New York: Medical Research Modernization Committee 1995.)
Policy issues in the use of animals in research, testing, and education. (section 5) (Animals, Science, and Ethics): An article from: The Hastings Center Report
Book (Hastings Center)